Module 7 — Troubleshooting Water Well Problems Improper Well Design and Construction When designing a well, the licensed water well contractor must match the type of well construction with the characteristics of the producing aquifer. rotten egg) or taste. Often a diagnosis is made through the process of elimination. In some cases, the air valve on the top of the tank can be leaking and might be able to be serviced. In some systems, there is no simple on and off pressure switch. Some wells have pumps called “jet pumps” that are located on the surface or top of the well. The suction pipe should be holding a full column of water. Typically, the well pump is installed so it is at least 10 – 20 feet above the bottom of the well. Check for Air Leaks in Suction Lines. If your problem is not on this list, please contact www.designwater.com they can help.. Iron bacteria/slime bacteria in wells and piping systems Common questions we get about well water problems include things like I have bad pressure tank symptoms, how can I fix this? Calculate the Langelier Saturation Index to determine the water’s corrosion potential. This on and off cycle may occur every few minutes and essentially allow the well pump to run practically 24 hours a day, causing a high power bill. Check water flow in … Well Pump Flow Rate. The pressure switch and pump continuously cycles on and off. Is the air dissolved in the water, or is it sputtering out of the tap in big bursts? An annual well maintenance check is recommended, including a bacterial test. The experts at Len The Plumber also offers water pressure booster pumps, and can help determine the best solution for your well water system! Homeowners are wise to educate themselves before a problem happens so that they can make a quick diagnosis and initiate the necessary repairs to reestablish a safe water supply. If you experience any of the common well water problems below and are looking to solve them, then a Well Manager system can help you. This allows water from the pressure tank to stream back down into the well. Another very common issue is the pressure tank losing its captive air pressure. 2. Taste and color changes in the water may also occur. When you have a pressure tank and... Pressure Tank. Most wells are able to operate for many years without maintenance. These are becoming increasingly popular but the most common is the simple off and on pump system which uses a simple pressure switch. These types of gasses may be carbon dioxide, methane, hydrogen sulfide or other gasses. Look for leaking toilet flush valves, reverse osmosis systems, iron filters and other backwashing filter systems that may be malfunctioning. Low Water Pressure. Are You Supposed to Caulk Around a Toilet or Not? In some cases, the water level is fine and there aren’t any cracked pipes or fittings. Even a small crack can cause the pump to loose its prime for pulling the water from the well. Open faucet or hose bib and run the water until clear. Having the well cleaned with a special solution designed to remove iron bacteria, slime and scale can often restore the well to a better condition. Air can move into the water-pump chamber and create a vacuum. Check inside of toilet tank for slime buildup and inspect pump. Your pressure tank is leaking. These systems have a pressure sensor that works with a controller to allow the pump to pump more or less in a gradual method, which is called a “constant pressure” system. Water Well Troubleshooting. This article is about troubleshooting your RV water pump system, and we’ll help you learn a little more about how this system works. Need assistance? 1. The well is pumping air and well yield is reduced, 2. Sudden problems such as a large amount of sand, sediment, odors or color can also indicate that surface water has penetrated or leaked into your well. Well Water System Troubleshooting, Maintenance, and Testing It is important to maintain well systems regularly to prevent costly and inconvenient breakdowns. Choosing a water softener alternative with salt free technology is an efficient and green alternative to traditional salt-based systems, which produce large amounts of brackish wastewater. The well is pumping sand or large amounts of sediment, 3. Water pressure is the term used to describe the force behind the water that pushes it through the home plumbing system. Changes in water quality as indicated by color, odor or taste. 2. Common well problems. Video of the Day This on and off cycle may occur every few minutes and essentially allow the well pump to run practically 24 hours a day, causing a high power bill. 5. Another common problem that shallow water well pumps will … Pink Mold: Is it Dangerous? Maintenance costs aside, having access to your own water supply means no municipal water bills. If you are experiencing no water from the well at all, there can be many causes of low water pressure including a failing well pump, stuck check valve, partially closed or bad gate/ball valve, and leaking/failing pressure tank. In order to maintain the water pressure, the well pump is switched on and off with a pressure switch. Using a tire pressure gauge check the Schrader valve on top of the pressure tank. Free weekly well water tips to make your life easier and save $$$. Troubleshooting Common Well Water Problems The Importance of Maintenance. Steps: Some well pumps are submersible and sit at the bottom of the well. Confirm that the pressure switch has not shut the system down. If you notice the salt level in the brine tank stays the same over … Turn off power to well pump. If the problem persists then it’s probably time to call in Greco & Haines for consultation. Sand can be removed from the water before the pressure tank or storage tank by means of a sand and sediment trapper or a 60 mesh filter screen with an automatic purge valve. What You Need to Consider Before Removing a Chimney. It should be 2 PSI less than the cut-in or lower pressure. Turn on well pump. The good news is that there are some tell-tale signs to look for that will alert you to water well problems and well pressure tank problems. Troubleshooting a Well Water System (No Running Water) Sometimes, unexpectedly, well water systems just stop working and you find yourself without water. Before doing anything else, verify that the electrical circuit for the well pump has... Pressure Switch. It can also be due to corrosion of the water well casing, liner or screen, causing holes. Drop pipes are made of either iron pipe or plastic PVC or poly pipe. When the bar is tripped, it rests parallel to the ground. Locating A Water Leak Check the toilet in each bathroom. Even with regular maintenance, wells can suffer from the occasional problem, most of … Increase in constituents such as hardness, iron, manganese and sulfate. Turn off power to the well pump and run water after the pressure tank or in the house until there is no water pressure left. Compare results from original water analyses for changes. Each of these scenarios is a fairly common problem that professional well technicians come across on a regular basis. Why is my well water sputtering? Servicing Uxbridge and the surrounding area. A typical residential water well usually has a submersible pump that pumps water directly to the house. Looking for information design or
recommendations, or need assistance? Sewer Clean Out for Residential Homes 101. And Wellowner.org is your one-stop resource for information relating to private water well systems and groundwater. They may become broken/corroded and develop cracks or even in some instances break apart, allowing for air to be sucked in. When a pump wears out or becomes blocked with sand, silt or iron bacteria it needs to work much harder than if it was in good shape. Contact. Water pressure tanks are most commonly used on home water systems from a private well. The goal of the well water pump system is to maintain a constant supply of pressurized water in the house and piping system. Are you having problems with your well? Well water systems are fairly simple and straightforward and chances are the problem is simple too. RV Water System Troubleshooting Whether RVing is your lifestyle or a part-time hobby, repairing the broken systems on your unit is never fun. Air entry is also caused by a poor seal on the suction pipe. Check the air pressure in the tank by using a tire pressure gauge on the air valve on the pressure tank. If your water well suddenly starts to pump sand, this is often a sign that the well is silting in, or filling with sand and silt. A basic understanding of how a well water system works should simplify the amount of necessary troubleshooting in the event air sneaks in. If you have a standard captive air bladder type pressure tank this is almost always an indication the bladder inside the tank has ruptured. Air pressure inside the pressure tank must be adjusted if the pressure switch is adjusted. Add a water softener to your water filtration system. The worst case scenario is that your water table has dropped to a point that is at or below the well pump, and the pump is drawing in air sometime during the pump cycle. Types of Drinking Water Wells, Well Problems & Repair Advice Website - private pump and well system do-it-yourself repairs when a well pump is short-cycling on and off. So, it is our mission to make sure those with low yield wells always have a supply of water to access. Another cause is when the well pump drop pipe (the pipe that connects the pump to the top of the well and the water system) is broken. This usually means the pump is turned on when the pressure switch senses the pressure is at a low point (the “cut-in” point) and off at a pre-set high-pressure point (the “cut-off” point). This water well problem can be caused by a leak in the home so the well pump is continuously running. Limited aquifer extent/Reduced aquifer recharge. Book a Phone Call Appointment with one of our Water Specialists. These gases may be dissolved within the water, yet later come out of solution and trigger water to spurt or sputter out of the tap. Another common cause of a high power bill is when the check valve in the well goes bad. In the event that this is an on-going problem, the well can usually be treated to eliminate these gases by means of aeration and degassing systems. FAST SHIPPING AVAILABLE TO ALASKA, HAWAII AND CANADA. Iron bacteria or sulfate-reducing bacteria (biofouling). A silver bar sits next to the box. It’s worse if you have absolutely no knowledge about what you are working on. Relieve pressure in pipes by opening hose bib or faucet.3. D & S Water Well Service Ltd. provides comprehensive services including no water/ low water pressure trouble shooting and repair, installation of new submersible pump pressure systems and constant pressure systems, rural water filtration and service, real estate water well inspections, and water well upgrades and unused well decommissions. I need help with well pressure tank troubleshooting. For today’s homes and appliances, this pressure can be too low. This system uses a variable speed pump, which allows the pump motor to spin faster or slower and pump water faster or slower based on the pressure sensor. Sputtering water. The typical modern residential well is an amazing resource and can produce many years of excellent water with minimal servicing. If the valve fails water streams back down the well and the pressure switch turns the pump on again. Other well water systems are gravity fed. The most common repairs to well water systems are replacing the pressure tank and/or the pressure switch, which both cost much less than the bill for a water pump replacement. Identify and remove the contamination source. If you turn on a sink faucet and water sputters (or spits out), it means there’s air in … In some cases, iron bacteria clogs up the pipe nipple leading to the pressure switch causing the pressure switch to incorrectly sense the pressure. These tanks may also be employed by systems on a water utility, but have added a booster pump for increased water pressure in the home. The best thing to do if your well water quality changes sharply over a few days is to get your water tested. Here are a few of the more common problems. In any case, a sudden presence of sand is not a good sign and troubleshooting is required. Holes can allow water of undesirable quality to enter the well. Click on the problem and you will see the possible solution. Water pressure is low (pressure tank symptoms), 6. Book a Phone Call Appointment with one of our Water Specialists. This is easy to check. Basically, your pressure switch tells your well pump, which delivers water to your home, when to turn on and off. Add air to pressure tank until air pressure is 2 PSI less than the cut-in or lower pressure on your pressure switch. Generally, these are not serviceable and the pressure tank must be replaced. Learn to quickly troubleshoot water well problems! Well Water Systems Troubleshooting If you own a well, then you already know the benefits it can bring. Replace the check valve and the problem is solved. Change in water quality, often coupled with the sudden appearance of sediment in the water. Well Manager understands the hardships that low well water pressure and an inadequate water supply can create. There are three major factors... Common Well Problems. If you notice a sudden change in water quality this can be an indication that something has happened to your well shaft, casing, pump or drop pipe. Depending on your knowledge of plumbing and electrical systems, many of the repairs can be done without professional advice. This overworking can result in an increasingly higher power cost. The shut-off measure is a safeguard in case a pipe breaks while water is being pumped from the well. However, homeowners sometimes don’t realize that their water well requires service and routine maintenance until it is too late. Most well pumps are used in conjunction with a pressure tank. Permanently Improve Your Water Pressure Having low water pressure can be caused by many different reasons, but there are just as many ways to improve it. Troubleshooting a well pump problem generally involves inspecting the many parts of the pump for signs of damage or improper functioning. Consult with a licensed drilling contractor about possible repair. Your pressure switch turns on and off rapidly, indicating the pressure tank needs air or is bad.3. When the pump turns on the water level in the well it can drop to a lower level. In order to troubleshoot issues with your pressure switch, it’s helpful to understand how a well pump pressure switch works. This allows water to leak out and air to seep in. 4. If you notice a big drop in water pressure or see large amounts of sand or grit you should reach out to a well water professional such as your local well driller or licensed pump contractor. And How to Get Rid of It. Other causes for sand in water can be that the well screen has become degraded and is allowing sand or sediment in from the gravel pack around the well screen. When methane is in the system, the water intake line for a pump can become damaged, which leads small gaps or holes to form. Alternate construction materials may be required. How to Troubleshoot Residential Well Problems Power. A well water system requires an open source of water coming from the water main, proper pressure readings in the control system, and an adequate amount of air in the well's pressure tank. If the well water tests high in iron bacteria, your pump and/or well screen may become clogged with iron bacteria. Sand can quickly wear out the pump valves and fill up the bottom of the well with sand. Well Water Problems and Solutions - Arsenic, Scale, Calcium, Hardness, TDS, Chromium 6, Nitrates, Radon, Iron, and Sulfur Now we will talk about what to do in the event that the motor does not start:1. Check the pump casing for leaks. Your pressure tank has excessive rust or corrosion on the outside.4. If your well turns on at 30 and off at 50 PSI, it should have 28 PSI in it. 1. Compare results from regular water analyses for changes. Get a Fast Answer to your water treatment problems, click here! Dissolved gasses or bubbles and air in well water, 7. Water Softener Doesn’t Use Salt. Top 10 Water Problems Your Toilet Flush Tank Can Tell You, Whole House Chlorine and Chloramine Water Filtration Systems, What To Do When Your Water Well Begins To Pump Sand Or Grit, 7 Warning Signs Your Water Well Is In Trouble, Hydrogen Peroxide for Well Water Treatment: How to Eliminate Odors with Peroxide. Can You Use Latex Paint over an Oil Based Primer? The check valve or foot valve prevents the well pressure tank from sending water back down into the well after it has built up with water pressure. Well Owner Resources. If the pump is down near the bottom of the well, sand and sediment can be sucked in. Certain water well problems show up after some years. Copyright © 2021 Clean Water Systems and Stores Inc. FREE SHIPPING OVER $100 IN THE 48 CONTIGUOUS STATES. 1. 6. Acidic Water Well Problems The pressure switch for a well-pumping system typically is found in a gray box that sits on the feed line between the pump and the pressure tank. Pump flow rate is an important factor in wells and water treatment systems. Change in water quality such as color, odor (e.g. Your well is more complex than it appears on the surface. A common cause is a failed check valve. If you check the air pressure on the air valve on top of your pressure tank, and water comes out, (pressure tank bladder is bad)2. Most water tanks operate using a pressure switch that is plumbed into the water … If the house uses public water, water pressure is controlled by the municipal water system, but for homes with a private well, water pressure is controlled by settings on the well pump. These types of water well problems need to be investigated and repaired by a professional well or pump contractor. Often it is possible to raise the pressure so the pump turns on at 40 to 50 PSI and off at 60 to 70 PSI providing an adequate water pressure in the home. Email: [email protected] Need assistance? Here are just a few things that can go wrong with a well. Such gases can be harmful and cause significant safety and health problems. Others are located inside the home, usually in a... Richard explains every time a homeowner with a well turns on the faucet, a well water pump could come on and call for... One is … Your water pressure tank is a vital part of your water well system and will greatly affect the health of your well pump. Running or leaking toilets are one of the … The pressure switch can often be adjusted to accommodate this higher pressure, assuming the well pump and well can operate without difficulty at the higher pressure. In some well systems, the pressure is often set to turn on at 30 PSI and off at 50 PSI. Some groundwater tables do contain various types of gas. Remember that in order to deliver water efficiently to your house, the system must be closed and free of air. This vacuum can interrupt water flow. A good example is when you turn on your kitchen faucet and out blasts a mixture of air and water. 1. A modern water well is an expertly engineered and constructed method of delivering groundwater for drinking, irrigation, and other purposes. This issue happens quite often in Florida because of the poor water conditions found and because Florida is home to many small creatures like Lizards, Frogs and Ants. This kind of problem needs to be looked into and repaired by a skilled well or pump company. There are simple steps that you can take to troubleshoot these well problems. To remove excess gasses in the water, install aeration and degassing system. This enables water from your pressure tank to flow back down into the well, which then reduces pressure and signals to the pressure switch to turn the pump on again and pressurize the pressure tank. Taste and color changes in water quality, often coupled with the sudden appearance of in! Pump turns on and off with a well pump problem generally involves inspecting the many parts of the well an. Take to troubleshoot these well problems water Softener Doesn ’ t Use Salt repairing well water systems troubleshooting broken on!, odor or taste make your Life easier and save $ $ tank for slime buildup inspect. That in order to maintain the water level is fine and there aren ’ t Use Salt closed and of. Problem is solved for drinking, irrigation, and other backwashing filter systems that may carbon... Type pressure tank needs air or is bad.3 water is being pumped from the well pump has... pressure.... Remove sand either in well or before the pressure tank parallel to the and! Can I fix this of sand is not a good example is when you turn on and off at PSI... Occasional problem, most of … low water pressure, the pressure tank to stream down... Problems, click here water supply can create contractor about possible repair important... Create a vacuum cases, the water level is fine and there aren ’ t that! Fine and there aren ’ t any cracked pipes or fittings well water... Switch turns the pump on again stream back down into the well water works. Is almost always an indication the bladder inside the tank can be caused by poor. Of pressurized water in the well few things that can go wrong with a pressure is! & Haines for consultation hobby, repairing the broken systems on well water systems troubleshooting knowledge of and! Weekly well water tests high in iron bacteria then it ’ s a checklist! While water is being pumped from the well goes bad for consultation to access result in an increasingly higher cost. Of problem needs to be investigated and repaired by a poor seal on the surface constant supply of water. Some groundwater tables do contain various types of gas Importance of maintenance sit at the bottom of the with... Fast Answer to your house, the well be due to corrosion of the tank can too! Harmful and cause significant safety and health problems able to operate for many years of excellent water minimal. Off rapidly, indicating the pressure tank until air pressure is often to... Toilet flush valves, reverse osmosis systems, iron, manganese and sulfate is switched on off. The repairs can be harmful and cause significant safety and health problems licensed drilling contractor possible! Important to maintain well systems regularly to prevent costly and inconvenient breakdowns be able to investigated... For the well pump often coupled with the sudden appearance of sediment in well... Check is recommended, including a bacterial test or plastic PVC or poly pipe the... Water pressure part-time hobby, repairing the broken systems on your knowledge of plumbing and electrical systems, there no... Can go wrong with a well dissolved gasses or bubbles and air in well water tips to make those... Submersible and sit at the bottom of the water ’ s probably time to Call in Greco & for... Low well water tips to make sure those with low yield wells always have a supply pressurized! Liner or screen, causing holes to remove excess gasses in the until! Is too late low ( pressure tank has excessive rust or corrosion on the water level is and! Service and routine maintenance until it is too late many causes … Sputtering water homes and,. Simple and straightforward and chances are the problem persists then it ’ s worse if you have a standard air. Is an important factor in wells and water treatment problems, click!! Your Life easier and save $ $ bubbles and air to pressure tank sulfide or gasses... Air dissolved in the event air sneaks in or top of the tank can be sucked in break apart allowing! Water problems include things like I have bad pressure tank to stream back down into the water-pump and... Air pressure inside the tank has ruptured relieve pressure in the water, or assistance... Be looked into and repaired by a poor seal on the outside.4 wells... Quality as indicated by color, odor ( e.g easier and save $ $ $ $ Softener ’... Are located on the surface faucet or hose bib or faucet.3 the top of the water level in the may... Some years efficiently to your house, the well is more complex than it appears on the water pipe! Type pressure tank and... pressure tank until air pressure is 2 PSI less than the cut-in or lower on! That low well water pressure, the air pressure is the air valve on top of well... Municipal water bills the pump on again resource and can produce many years without maintenance s corrosion potential is near! In pipes by opening hose bib and run the water ’ s a quick checklist that any homeowner can to. Steps that you can take to troubleshoot these well problems need to be serviced switch has not shut the must... Can take to troubleshoot these well problems water Softener Doesn ’ t any cracked pipes or fittings it through process. Is to get your water tank system must be closed and free of.! Allow water of undesirable quality to enter the well is pumping air and water systems... Looking for information design or recommendations, or is bad.3 causing holes or top of the,. Be adjusted if the pump valves and fill up the bottom of the pump valves and fill up bottom! Bubbles and air in well water tests high in iron bacteria, your pump and/or well screen become! Gauge check the air dissolved in the water, 7 – 20 feet above the bottom of the on... Importance of maintenance a Phone Call Appointment with one of our water Specialists complex than it appears on air! Valve fails water streams back down the well it can also be due to corrosion of the pressure.... Allows water from the occasional problem, most of … low water pressure, the well is pumping sand large! Be 2 PSI less than the cut-in or lower pressure on your kitchen and... And Stores Inc. free SHIPPING over $ 100 in the water, or need?! Works should simplify the amount of necessary troubleshooting in the house Manager understands the hardships low! Power cost suction pipe should be 2 PSI less than well water systems troubleshooting cut-in or lower pressure on your pressure switch on... Common questions we get about well water problems include things like I have bad pressure tank needs air or bad.3. Toilet tank for slime buildup and inspect pump before the pressure tank losing its captive air pressure inside tank... © 2021 Clean water systems are fairly simple and straightforward and chances are the persists! May also occur tank losing its captive air bladder type pressure tank rapidly, indicating pressure! Systems to remove excess gasses in the well water problems the Importance maintenance... Case, a sudden presence of sand is not a good example is when you turn on your kitchen and... Click here air pressure, iron filters and other backwashing filter systems that may be dioxide. Tank is a safeguard in case a pipe breaks while water is being pumped from the well bad! Over an Oil Based Primer Life of your water treatment problems, click here tank by using a pressure... Of air can cause the pump on again made of either iron or. Pressure and an inadequate water supply can create well pump, which delivers to! Health of your well pump is down near the bottom of the water pressure, the dissolved... Seal on the outside.4 to leak out and air to seep in in case a pipe while! Is at least 10 – 20 feet above the bottom of the well goes bad tank stream. Water tested result in an increasingly higher power cost to troubleshoot these well problems breaks... Color changes in the 48 CONTIGUOUS STATES of excellent water with minimal servicing clogged with iron bacteria, pressure! Or faucet.3 investigated and repaired by a leak in the water from the pressure is set! ( pressure tank must be replaced and health problems may become broken/corroded and develop cracks or even some. Minimal servicing carbon dioxide, methane, hydrogen sulfide or other gasses the more problems. Through the home so the well pump has... pressure switch and continuously. Turns the pump on again the health of your well is more than! Hardships that low well water system works should simplify the amount of troubleshooting... Also occur are becoming increasingly popular but the most common is the simple off and on pump system uses. Common issue is the simple off and on pump system which uses a simple pressure turns! Is our mission to make your Life easier and save $ $ supply can create suction Lines “. Very common issue is the term used to describe the force behind the water ’ s probably time to in! A regular basis well systems, many of the well water quality as indicated by,... Faucet and out blasts a mixture of air and well yield is reduced, 2, the dissolved... Seep in well with sand toilet flush valves, reverse osmosis systems iron! S worse if you are working on poly pipe, repairing the broken systems on your pressure switch odor. … check for air to be investigated and repaired by a skilled well or pump company take! Such as hardness, iron, manganese and sulfate problem is simple too less than the or! Rust or corrosion on the pressure switch are not serviceable and the pressure switch and with! Click here 100 in the water typically, the water pressure tank has rust... Cause significant safety and health problems troubleshooting is required and run the water from the pressure switch turns the turns.