As a result, Kerala averages some 120–140 rainy days per year. Kerala’s average maximum daily temperature is around 36.7 Â°C; the minimum is 19.8 Â°C. The total area of Kerala accounts for 1.18% of the total landmass of India. The nature of the terrain and its physical features, divides an east west cross section of the State into three distinct regions- hills and valleys, midland and plains and the coastal region. ○   Wildcard, crossword Further, the tsunami pounded 187 villages affecting nearly 25 lakh persons in Kerala. This diverse natural environment is home to an extraordinary array of wildlife. The watery coastal zones of Kerala are interspersed with coconut palm groves, while much of the Western Ghats and riverine areas are covered with rainforests and monsoon forests (tropical deciduous forests). Agenda, input documents, presentations and final report of the meeting are available from this site. In the lowest lands, the midlands region hosts paddy fields; meanwhile, elevated lands slopes play host to groves of rubber and fruit trees in addition to other crops such as black pepper, tapioca, and others. Although similar plants are perhaps found in Himalayas, those found in Kerala have a special potency due to the State’s unique geographical position and tropical climate. What stands out is the thread of harmony that runs though the different ceremonies and rituals. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors (see full disclaimer). A number of extreme flood events occurred during the last century causing considerable damage to life and property highlight the necessity for proper flood management measures in the State. Kerala Plains, narrow strip of coastland, southwestern India, fronting the Arabian Sea to the west and constituting almost all of Kerala state and most of the Malabar Coast.Narrow in the north and wide in the south, the plains are about 330 miles (530 km) long and from 12 to 60 miles (19 to 96 km) wide, covering an area of about 11,000 square miles (28,000 square km). English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU). Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata. Kerala receives an average annual rainfall of 3107 mm – some 7,030 crore m3 of water. Although the tsunami affected parts of Kerala coast, maximum devastation was reported in the low coastal land of Kollam, Alleppey and Ernakulam districts, particularly a strip of 10 km in Azhikkal, Kollam district. The increase in population and subsequent expansion in irrigated agriculture, and industrial growth necessitated the exploitation of more water resources. Most of the state is engulfed in rich greenery which ensures a very calming experience at all times. Adventure sports enthusiasts from India and abroad are visiting Kerala’s major tourism spots especially in Malabar. The tropical evergreen forests of Kerala are difficult to exploit due to the following reasons : 1. The festival celebrated the return of King Mahabbali, who is believed to visit his subjects every year. [4] nimo,, Kerala has been experiencing increasing incidents of drought in the recent past due to the weather anomalies and developmental pressures resulting from the changes in land use, traditional practices, and life style of the people. Geographically Kerala is divided into three distinct climatic regions. The hills of Kerala dot the Western Ghat from Ponmudi in the south to Munnar in the centre and Sultan’s Bathery in the north. Landslides. The backwaters cover almost half of the length of Kerala Source Geologically, pre-Cambrian and Pleistocene formations comprise the bulk of Kerala’s terrain. With the implementation of a number of irrigation projects, the idea of drought in Kerala slowly shifted to unirrigated paddy, and upland crops. The land of God, Kerala is believed to be a gift of the Arabian Sea. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame ! All Rights Reserved. Physical Features of Australia. No wonder, Alappuzha, an old sea port town of this region is known as the 'Venice of the East'. The nature of the terrain and its physical features, divides an east west cross section of the State into three distinct regions- hills and valleys, midland and plains and the coastal region. The highest peak of the peninsular India is Anamudi (2695 Metre) of Kerala; Rounded hills and shallow valleys are the physical features of this land; It is one of the oldest land of earth and formed from the Gondwana land Since the State has more of perennial plantation crops compared to other places of India, the effect of a drought year in Kerala continues to be felt for several more years after it has occurred. Kerala Geography (Physiography, Geography Map & Physical Features) Wedged between Arabian Sea in the West and Western Ghats in the East geographically Kerala is unique and beautiful. The English word games are: ○   Anagrams Kerala is the land of kera or coconut. Certain peaks may reach to 2500 m. Just west of the mountains lie the midland plains, comprising a swathe of land running along central Kerala. Dense growth of vegetation causes difficulty of accessibility, number of species is very large. Ayurveda,the Science of Life, is perhaps the oldest and definitely, the most holistic, medical system available to the contemporary world.Althogh it is practiced all over India, Kerala is perhaps the only State where this science still follows age old traditional laws.Sitated in the tropical region, the State has an unparalleled wealth of herbs and natural vegetation. There are many untapped adventure tourism destinations in Kerala and we are organizing events like Kayaking. Loss to telephone sector also is very high. Kerala's districts, shaded by biome and soil types. Origin of Kerala has been linked to a legend, which says that Kerala rose up from the sea when Lord Parasurama threw his axe into it and the sea receded to bring up this narrow strip of land from underneath. Soman (1988) reported that over major part of the Kerala State, extreme as well as the seasonal and annual rainfall decreased significantly in 1980's. The topography consists of a hot and wet coastal plain gradually rising in elevation to the high hills and mountains of the Western Ghats. According to the geographical features, the state can be divided into hills and valleys, midland plains and coastal belts. The human interventions contributing to flood problems are predominantly in the form of reclamation of wetlands and water bodies, change in landuse pattern, construction of dense networks of roads, establishment of more and more settlements, deforestation in the upper catchments etc. Kerala's rains are mostly the result of seasonal monsoons. Geography and Climate of Kerala. Elephants in Kerala seem to share a special bond with its keepers and the people of the state. As the Western Ghats are nowhere more than 120 km from the sea, all these rivers are comparatively short. It is surrounded by the Western Ghats mountain range on the West and North, with reserve forests and the (Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve) on the northern side. 1. Eastern Kerala consists of land encroached upon by the Western Ghats; the region thus includes high mountains, gorges, and deep-cut valleys. long … The present state of affairs show that in a year the months April, May, October and November have much higher lightning incidence. In addition to the above networked systems and electrical equipment also get destroyed. [4], This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. Also the average height of mountains in Kerala is also shown. Accidents caused by ground conduction from trees, which is a special feature of Kerala, add to the casualties and loss of property. Only three tributaries of the river Cauvery originate in Kerala and flow east into the neighbouring States. Contact Us Among the dance forms that have evolved from ancient customs, the most prominent are surely the theyyyam of northern Kerala and the padayani of south - central Kerala. To convince their beloved king that Kerala is till the land of milk and honey, people decorate their homes and celebrate to the fullest, sometimes even faking prosperity, to present a happy façade for their king. Severe drought conditions often result from the anomalies in monsoon rainfall combined with the various anthropogenic pressures. Highlands, Midlands and Lowlands. The most important of Kerala’s forty-four rivers include the Periyar (244 km in length), the Bharathapuzha (209 km), the Pamba (176 km), the Chalakudy Puzha(144 km), the Kadalundipuzha (130 km), and the Achancoil (128 km). This adversely affects the rural and urban drinking water supply. Lack of awareness also aggravates the situation. There is heavy rainfall in this region during the months between May and November. This area … There is a lack of pure strands. Change the target language to find translations. These facilitate inland travel throughout a region roughly bounded by Thiruvananthapuram in the south and Vadakara (which lies some 450 km to the north). [7] The initiation of most of the landslides were in typical hollows generally having degraded natural vegetation. Geography of Kerala plays a crucial role in not only Kerala PSC Prelims Exam but even KPSC Mains Exam. As many as 6,280 dwelling units were completely destroyed, 11,175 were damaged and nearly 84,773 persons were evacuated from the coastal areas and accommodated in 142 relief camps after tsunami. It is estimated that about 25% of the total geographical area accommodating about 18% of the total population of the State is prone to floods.[4]. Here, the Western Ghats form a wall of mountains penetrated near Palakkad; here, a natural mountain pass known as the Palakkad Gap breaks through to access inner India. In Kerala, people respect traffic rules and signals than the people of other states. ), http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Kerala&oldid=508249065. In the southern and northern parts of the State the coastal belt also has some small hillocks. [8], Although the Kerala state does not experience floods as severe as in the Indo-Gangetic plains, incidence of floods in the State is becoming more frequent and severe. Meanwhile, its extreme eastern fringes experience a drier tropical wet and dry climate. The changes in rainfall pattern may have association with the environmental modifications due to human interventions on the natural ecosystems. The valleys have been developed as paddy fields and the elevated lands and hill slopes are converted into estates of rubber, fruit trees and other cash crops like pepper, areca nut and tapioca. On 10 September 2020, the European Soil Partnership held its Seventh Plenary Meeting (online). 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