"[3] From 1854 to 1859, Grant lived here with his wife, Julia, and their children, managing the farm for his father-in-law, Colonel Dent. Julia grew up at White Haven as the 5th of 7 children and the first girl. He first met Julia Dent, his future wife, at her family home, named White Haven. "When Grant Went A-Courtin'." Returning home from boarding school, Julia noted the transition from playmate to servant. She returned to her parents' home after stopping at Ulysses' parents' home in Ohio, where Ulysses Jr., was born. Participation in religious activities, individually or as a group, also provided a sense of integrity. The Grants turned White Haven over to William Henry Vanderbilt in 1881, to satisfy a loan Vanderbilt gave Grant after one of the latter's financial partners absconded with investment funds. He served six more years in the Army before leaving to be closer to his growing family. However, the National Historical Park which bears his name is located on the west side of St. Louis, where this Kitty and Rose served as nurses to Julia and Emma, while Mary Robinson became the family cook. [2], Many visitors to Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site are surprised to learn that enslaved people lived and worked on the 19th-century farm known as White Haven. Though it was the home of Union general Ulysses S. Grant, slaves operated the property for decades. Free interpretive visits to the house are usually offered every hour or half-hour. [4], Enslaved people claimed time for socializing amid their chores. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site is a 9.65-acre (3.91 ha) United States National Historic Site located 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Downtown St. Louis, Missouri within the municipality of Grantwood Village. In March 1864, President Abraham Lincoln appointed him Commanding General of the U.S. Army and, in just over a year, Union forces secured the surrender of the Confederate army. When Theodore and Anne Lucas Hunt purchased William Lindsay Long's home in 1818, there existed "several good log cabins" on the property—potential quarters for the five enslaved people purchased earlier by Hunt. In the southeastern Bootheel area and along the fertile Missouri River valley known as "little Dixie," large, single-crop plantations predominated, with an intensive use of enslaved labor. The property was owned by the family of his wife, Julia Dent. The site, operated by the National Park Service, is also known as White Haven, the house where Grant lived with his wife Julia Dent Grant, his children, and his in-laws from 1854 to 1859. Of All Ulysses S. Grant's Battles, This Was The One He Never Wanted To Relive by Warfare History Network October 17, 2019 When Grant Met Lee: The Day the U.S. Civil War Finally Came to An End Vlach, John Michael. Born Hiram Ulysses Grant in 1822, the “S” was not part of his given name. Posted on April 5, 2020 by mvbattelle. The current superintendent is M. Tucker Blythe. However, the enslaved children also had chores such as feeding chickens and cows, and they mastered their assigned tasks as the white children went off to school. Various members of the interpretive staff will be giving virtual presentations on Ulysses S. Grant and 19th century U.S. history over the next few months. This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 08:38. [4], Each of the farm's early residents enslaved people during their tenure on the Gravois property. He holds a master’s degree in history with a concentration in public history from IUPUI. Discover a rich slice of American history in the suburbs of modern St. Louis. The park was designated as a National Historic Site in 1989. Ulysses S. Grant was one of the most famous Americans of his era. This is a category about a place or building that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places in the United States of America. Hurt, R. Douglas. The wide variety of foods prepared in her kitchen were highly praised by Julia: "Such loaves of beautiful snowy cake, such plates full of delicious Maryland biscuit, such exquisite custards and puddings, such omelettes, gumbo soup, and fritters." Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Park The Texas Eagle route is often called the Presidential Corridor because it touches the hometowns of so many United States presidents. In 1859, Grant freed William Jones, the only person he is known to have enslaved. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site is a 9.65-acre (3.91 ha) United States National Historic Site located 10 miles (16 km) southwest of downtown St. Louis, Missouri, within the municipality of Grantwood Village. There is a Log Cabin that Grant built in the park. As… Five historic structures are preserved at the site, including the childhood home of Ulysses' wife, Julia Dent Grant. Contact: Julie Northrip, 314-943-0376. Henrietta, Sue, Ann, and Jeff, among other enslaved people, played with the Dent children. He built it on what was part of his father in … Ulysses S. Grant (1822 – 1885) is famous for leading the Union Army to victory over the Confederacy during the American Civil War and for serving as the 18th President of the United States from 1869 to 1877.Grant led the Union forces to victory in many critical battles and in 1864, President Lincoln elevated him to the rank of General-in-chief of all the Union Armies. According to historian Lorenzo J. Greene, "St. Louis…was the only place in the state where the organized black church achieved any measure of success." Wade, Richard C. Slavery in the Cities: The South 1820-1860. Through Corbin, Gould and Fisk were able to meet with Grant on several occasions and tried to convince the President to increase the price of gold through reduced government sales, arguing that doing so would help improve depressed farm prices. The Personal Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant (Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant). From 1854 to 1859 the Dents, Grants and an enslaved African-American workforce lived on the property. This national historic site in St. Louis County commemorates the life and celebrated military career of Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States. At age seventeen, his father arranged for him to enroll in West Point. Although financial and political circumstances took them away for over a decade, they still considered it their family home. It is unknown whether Dent allowed the people he enslaved to attend services.[4]. Julia thought Bob was careless to allow the embers to die out, as this forced him "to walk a mile to some neighbors and bring home a brand of fire from their backlog." When the Civil War broke out in 1861, Grant’s sense of duty called him back into military service where he proved to be a brilliant battlefield strategist. Enslaved people were often "hired out" by their masters in return for an agreed upon wage. George Washington Carver National Monument, Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site NPS Website. Grant, along with Dan and other enslaved people, felled trees and took firewood by wagon to sell to acquaintances in St. Louis. Corn shuckings provided one opportunity to come together as a community to eat, drink, sing, and visit, often including enslaved people from nearby plantations. The park was closed for the season when we stopped by. You may recall that Ulysses S. Grant was born in Ohio. University of North Carolina Press, 1993. Return to the cemetery entrance and turn left to head west on Sheridan Road. “Lee’s army is really whipped,” declared Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant to Maj. Gen. Henry Halleck on May 26, 1864. The views expressed in this essay are solely the author’s and do not reflect the views of the National Park Service. [citation needed], Media related to Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site at Wikimedia Commons, White Haven; Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site, U.S. National Register of Historic Places, List of National Historic Landmarks in Missouri, National Register of Historic Places listings in St. Louis County, Missouri. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site Increases Recreational Access. But a mistake in his application to West Point changed that, and he became forever known as Ulysses S. Grant. On many of these estates the owner worked alongside his enslaved people to harvest the greatest economic benefit from the land. Although Grant was unable to enjoy retirement at White Haven, you can enjoy the peace, beauty, and rich history of this Missouri site year round. Due to a financial panic in 1857, along with bad weather that destroyed many farmers' crops, Ulysses worked for a short time in the city of St. Louis in real estate and as an engineer. After serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War, Grant returned to White Haven to marry Julia. Yet, through his financially-strapped father's machinations, he was accepted to the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, where he was educated at the federal government's expense. Fisk and Gould befriended President Ulysses S. Grant's brother-in-law and friend, Abel Corbin, hoping to influence treasury policy through his connections. Grant looked forward to a relaxing retirement at White Haven following his second term as president. (part four in a series). Casey, Emma Dent. Julia remembered "Old Bob" going into the meadow to pray and sing. Grant, the 18th U.S. President, had little choice in how the plantation was run. For almost six years he worked on his father-in-law’s farm at White Haven. St. Louis Convention and Visitors Commission web site, Commanding General of the United States Army, 1865–1869, United States presidential election, 1868, First Missouri State Capitol State Historic Site, History of the National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulysses_S._Grant_National_Historic_Site&oldid=996946412, Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in Missouri, Protected areas of St. Louis County, Missouri, National Register of Historic Places in St. Louis County, Missouri, Buildings and structures in St. Louis County, Missouri, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the National Park Service, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Her father owned slaves, and 18 … The site, also known as White Haven, commemorates the life, military career, and Presidency of Ulysses S. Grant. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site is the home of victorious Civil War general and 18 th president U.S. Grant and his beloved wife, Julia Dent. Two more children were born, Ellen, born on July 4, 1855, and Jesse, in February 1858. The site is open daily from 9 – 5 and admission is free. Whiethaven is where Ulysses Grant lived with Julia and where Julia grew up. [4], Forced labor was used extensively in the farming and maintenance of the 850-acre plantation. The house is located right across from Gran'ts Farm and is worth the time to check it out and … By the 1850s, 18 people were enslaved at White Haven. Prior to them living in the home it was Julia's family home and farm. Visit year-round to tour the restored home and outbuildings, stroll the peaceful grounds, and learn more about the 19th century residents of White Haven. Julia Dent recalled that they fished for minnows, climbed trees for bird nests, and gathered strawberries. This forced labor system was less entrenched in the city of St. Louis, where the African American population was 2% in 1860, down from 25% in 1830. Grant finished his book just before he died; the two-volume Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant was a critical and commercial success, earning Julia … [4], Most slaveholders in Missouri enslaved few people; those who owned ten were considered wealthy. His experience running this forced labor camp may have influenced him in his later roles as the Union general who won the war which abolished that "peculiar institution," and as President of the United States. Suffering from depression and loneliness after being separated for two years, Grant finally resigned from the army in 1854 and returned to White Haven. Oxford University Press, 1964. Grant first came to Missouri in 1843 when he was assigned to the 4th Infantry at Jefferson Barracks, south of St. Louis. Grant first met Julia here at White Haven, her family home, where they resided with an enslaved African-American workforce from 1854 to 1859. Five historic structures are preserved at the site, including the childhood home of Ulysses' wife, Julia Dent Grant. In November, we went to St. Louis to add Gateway Arch National Park to our list of national parks we have visited. The Ulysses S. Grant Home in Galena, Illinois is the former home of Ulysses S. Grant, the Civil War general and later 18th President of the United States.The home was designed by William Dennison and constructed in 1859 - 1860. Grant first met Julia here at White Haven, her family home, where they resided with an enslaved African-American workforce from 1854 to 1859. Over the years, the initials U.S. earned him such prophetic nicknames as United States, Uncle Sam, and Unconditional Surrender. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site is the home of victorious Civil War general and 18th president U.S. Grant and his beloved wife, Julia Dent. Agriculture and Slavery in Missouri's Little Dixie. Unpublished manuscript, Ulysses S. Grant NHS collection. ~Nick Sacco is a public historian who works as a Park Ranger with the National Park Service at Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site. He first met Julia Dent, his future wife, at her family home, named White Haven. When the online “Zoom Boom” started in late March, Nick Sacco saw an opportunity. Across the street from the "Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site" aka "White Haven". [4], In 1830, half of the people enslaved by Dent were under the age of ten. According to the National Park Service, during the 1850s the forced labor of enslaved people "was used extensively in the farming and maintenance of the 850-acre plantation. Ulysses S. 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